Soccer Barcelona Club was founded 29 of November of 1899 by a group of twelve fans to soccer, summoned by Swiss Hans Gamper by means of an announcement published in the magazine the Sports 22 of October of the same year. Between the twelve founders of the club there were six Spaniards, three English, two Swiss and a German. The selected original name was ” Football Barcelona Club “, in English, and designated to English Walter Wild like first president of the club for being the person of more age among the presents.
At the end of his first decade secured his first titles, one Glass of Spain and one Glass of the Pyrenees .
During 1910’s the club gave a great jump, sport as as much social: it gained two Glasses of Spain and three Glasses of the Pyrenees, and arrived already at the 3,000 associates, becoming one of the most popular societies of Catalonia . In those years it was when the name of ” became popular; culés” referring to the fans of the club. The equipment played its parties in a field located in the street Industry of Barcelona, that filled massively when Barcelona played, and from the street it was seen how they were seated, of backs, the fans located in the highest part of graderío. The image from the street was the one of a great amount of buttocks (asses), for this reason, to the fans of Barcelona was begun to them to call ” culés”. Of that decade also it is possible to write down that, in 1914, the club created his first polideportiva section, the one of athletics. years 1920 passed to history like the first time sea bream of the club. One went of 3,000 to 11,000 partners and, in 1922, was released the first great stage of the Club, Them Corts, with capacity for 30,000 spectators. They were years in which the four club gained Glasses of Spain and, in 1929, first Spanish Liga of history. Also is possible to write down the incidents happened in 1925 when the government of the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera closed the stage of Them Corts during six months and forced to resign to president Hans Gamper because of the whistles with which the Barcelonist liking received the interpretation of Real March in the prolegómenos of an encounter. Of that decade it is possible to emphasize that the club advanced in the line to extend its polideportivo character, and created the hockey sections grass, basketball and rugby .
1930’s were of great crisis for the club. The decade with the suicide of Hans Gamper began, probably due to the catastrophic economic situation in which in was sunk after collapse of stock-market of Wall s$street 1929 . Later, with the coming of Second Republic took place a reduction of the number of partners that worsened with the outbreak of Spanish Civil War in 1936 . That year, in addition, the president of the club Josep Sunyol, that was politician of Republican Esquerra of Catalonia, was assassinated at the hands of the pro-Franco troops in an ambush in Mountain range of Guadarrama . The club finished the decade with only 2,500 partners.
During 1940’s the club was surpassing its social and sport crisis little by little. The club was taken by the authorities of the new pro-Franco regime that, in future and until 1953, they would directly designate to the president of the club. The new directors hispanicized all the estates of the club, eliminating any catalanista or British connotation. In 1940 the club happened to denominate ” Club of Barcelona” Soccer; instead of ” Football Barcelona” Club;, and the shield modified: the four were suppressed I sweep of the Catalan flag to place in their place the Spanish flag, although in 1949, on the occasion of the golden wedding of the club, the government authorized the reintroduction of the Catalan flag. In the sport plane the equipment recomposed after the crisis of the war and they were ended up conquering three Spanish leagues, a Glass of Spain and two Glasses Eva Duarte. In addition, in Years 1940 new polideportivas sections were created between which and emphasized those of handball hockey on skates . All this contributed to that, when finalizing the decade, agreeing with the golden wedding of the club, the 25,000 partners would surpass themselves.
1950’s were one of the best decades of the history of the club, as much in the sport plane as social. The signing of Ladislao Kubala, in 1950, was the angular stone on which an equipment was constructed that, in that decade, obtained to 3 Ligas Spanish, 5 Glasses of Spain, 4 Glasses Eva Duarte, 3 Duward Glass, 1 Latin Glass, 2 Martini&Rossi Glass and 1 Small Glass of the World of Clubs . The social mass grew until the 38,000 partners who left the field of Them Corts small, so that a new stage was constructed, Camp Nou, inaugurated in September of 1957 . Other outstanding facts of that decade was the celebration of the first democratic elections to the presidency of the club in 1953, although the partners only voted men. That same year by the signing of Alfredo Di took place contentious with Real Madrid Stefano .
It is possible to say that during almost the 40 years of the dictatorship of Francisco Franco in Spain, when the Catalan political institutions were prohibited and repressed, the club became one of the symbols of the antifrancoist fight in Catalonia and the resistance against the centralism that represented the pro-Franco regime. Barcelona became one of the few scenes public where the fans expressed themselves freely, and the club became the best ambassador of Catalonia in the outside. It was in those years when one said that, by its symbolism, Barcelona was ” more than club”, pronounced by the president Narcís de Carreras in its speech of taking of possession in 1968 .
After the successes of years 50 arrived the crisis from years 1960, in which the football team only managed to gain 2 Glasses of and 2 Spain Glasses of Fairs . These titles, nevertheless, did not manage to compensate the defeat in the end of the Glass of Europe of 1961 nor the social crisis generated by the marches of Helenio Herrera and Luis Suárez to Inter of Milan (with which the Italian set would gain two Glasses of Europe). In spite of everything, the number of partners increased from the 39,000 to the 55,000 during that decade.
During 1970’s continued the unstoppable increase of partners of the club: one went from the 55,000 to the 80. They were the years in which Spanish soccer abrió the doors to the foreigners, and the club fichó to players like Johan Cruyff, Johan Neeskens, Hugo Sotil, Krankl or Simonsen . The football team conquered in that decade Spanish Liga, two Glasses of the King, 1 Glass of Champions of Fairs and one Recopa of Europe. In 1978 arrived at the presidency Josep Lluís Núñez, that would direct to the club the following two decades.
1980’s were of great investments in the star signing great like Maradona, Schuster or Lineker, but the football team only could gain in Spain a league, three Glasses of the King, Supercopa and two Glasses of Liga. At European level two gained Recopas, but it became to lose a end of the Glass of Europe, disputed in Seville in 1986 . After one it burdens sport and social crisis, in 1988 the club contracted Johan Cruyff like trainer, a fact that would mark the destiny of the club during the following decade. The most positive of Years 1980 was the extension of the Camp Nou, the increase of partners, whom the number of the 100,000 surpassed, the economic revitalization of the club and the successes of the sections of basketball, handball and hockey on skates, that conquered important Spanish and European titles.
The decade of 1990’s was the best decade of the history of Soccer Barcelona Club . They were ten years of successes for the club in all the orders, as much in the soccer land as in the sport sections. The football team, trained by Johan Cruyff, and with figures like Koeman, Guardiola, Stoichkov, Romário, Laudrup, Zubizarreta or four Bakero gained consecutive Ligas between 1991 and 1994, and 20 of May of 1992 conquered the appraised title more of the club: Glass of Europe, in Stage of Wembley, before Italian Sampdoria . During these years, the equipment carried out a great game and was known popularly with the name Dream Team, imitating the terminology that was used with Selection of basketball of the United States in Olympic Games of Barcelona 1992 . After the defeat in the end of the Glass of Europe of 1994 against AC Milan by 4-0 in Athens, occurred by closed the era of Dream Team and the sport situation of the equipment was deteriorated until the point of a deep social division between those in favor of the trainer, Johan Cruyff and those in favor of the president, Josep Lluís Núñez. The traumatic goodbye of Cruyff created a great social crisis in the club, that did not disappear in spite of the titles secured by Bobby Robson and Louis van Gaal, and ended up ending at the resignation of Josep Lluís Núñez in the year 2000 . Years 1990 was also a great decade for the sport sections. basketball equipment consolidated in the elite of the Spanish and European basketball, although Glass of Europe was not able to gain, whose end disputed in four occasions in that decade. handball equipment became the best equipment of handball of the world: it gained all the titles, between which Glasses of Europe emphasize six .
2000’s can be divided clearly in two stages. After the resignation of Núñez in the year 2000, was chosen president Joan Gaspart . Its three years as president Euros were settled without soccer titles in spite of the investment of 180 million of that became in signings. The unique sport successes contributed the sections to them, especially basketball equipment that in 2003 was able to gain Euroliga . After the resignation of Gaspart Joan economic and social Laporta arrived at the presidency, that confronted a deep sport renovation. Fichó to players like Ronaldinho, Eto’o, Rafael Márquez and Deco and the equipment, trained by Frank Rijkaard, was able to gain two consecutive Spanish leagues and second Liga de Campeones, and the social mass of the club surpassed for the first time in history the number of the 140,000 partners. This stage finished at the end of season 2007-2008, with the destitution of the then trainer Frank Rijkaard (30 of June of 2008) and the presentation of a motion of censorship against Joan Laporta and her board of directors (9 of May of 2008).